Bronze and Iron Ages represent a very important part of our history as human race, they followed the prehistoric age known as Stone Age, and were ages of great progress, people started to live in large and organized communities and used more sophisticated and strong tools and weapons which made life easier for them.
That defined their architecture, because those better weapons represented a major threat for the new communities, so they built fortified refuges, large places with several buildings, strongly defended by walls, ditches, among other defensive methods.
From Hillforts to Castles
The first fortified and most representative structures of Bronze and Iron Ages were the Hillforts, used as refuges or defended settlements, placed on hills or ground elevations in order to get and extra defense, due the natural advantage of the ground. They were typically European and were the ancestors of the first castles.
Hillforts appeared in late Bronze Age and early Iron Age, they were very useful and populars, the archaeologists have discovered over 2000 of them in Britain. They provided shelter to protect people from weather and invasions, and were made of stone, soil and wood, using the new technology given by the tools made of bronze, and later, of steel.
Castles of Bronze and Iron Age worth to be seen
Some of this castles that remain from that important moment of our ancient history are:
- Maiden Castle, it´s an Iron Age Hillfort located at 2.5 km from the South West of Dorchester in the English county of Dorset. It was built approximately on the year 600 BC. It is the most famous and have been inspiration for artists.
- Daw’s Castle, it´s a sea hillfort located in a harbour town in Somerset, England.
- Cadbury Castle, it’s a Bronze and Iron age hillfort located in the civil parish of South Cadbury in the English County of Somerset.
- Old Castle of Lieto, it’s located in Lieto, Finland, its original name is unknown, it was used in late Bronze Age and Middle Iron Age.